Birth name Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp
Born 28 July 1887(1887-07-28)
Died 2 October 1968 (aged 81)
Nationality French, became a U.S. citizen in 1955
Field Painting, Sculpture, Film
Movement Dada, Surrealism
Works Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912)
The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even (1915-23)
Etant donnés (1946-66)
Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912). Oil on canvas. 57 7/8" x 35 1/8". Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Bicycle Wheel by Marcel Duchamp (1913)
Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917, photograph by Alfred Stieglitz.
DADA: This word was seized upon by the Dadaists at the Cabaret Cafe in 1916 when a paper knife was found inserted into a dictionary pointing to the term "dada." This infant language for "hobbyhorse" was found appropriate for the group's anti-aesthetic creations and protest activities.